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Canine Brucellosis On the Rise

What is Canine Brucellosis?

Canine crucellosis is a contagious bacterial infection that is highly contagious between dogs. The infections usually develop in their reproductive system or as a sexually transmitted disease. 

Why is Canine Brucellosis a Big Deal?

Canine burcellosis can spread from dogs to humans. In people it is known as undulant fever. Once it is in a person it can never be eliminated. It lives in the bone marrow and will cause lifelong symptoms.  This has become such a big deal that most dogs with positive test results are euthanized. 

Signs of Brucellosis

Signs of brucellosis include reproductive problems such as infertility, or miscarriages, male dogs can get epididymitis which is a severe infection in the testicles or scrotum, persistent vaginal discharge, still born puppies, swollen lymph nodes.

How Does it Spread?

This disease spread through genital secretions, which is why it is considered a STD. It can also be transmitted in their urine or saliva. Dogs get this by coming in contact with infected bodily fluids but licking contaminated urine or discharge is the most common. Remember when your dog was sniffing that other dogs butt? That is a possible moment of contamination. 

What is the Treatment?

A dog that has been diagnosed with canine brucellosis can be treated with antibiotics but no treatment will completely eliminate the infection. Once a dog has this they are considered infected for life. This is why euthanasia is the most common treatment option. 

What Can I Do?

If you are buying a dog that has been used for breeding, or a puppy, you can get the dog tested. Thankfully it is a rare disease but New Mexico is one of the states where it is found. Any dog that is used for breeding should be tested regularly and no new dogs should be introduced into a kennel without testing and quarantine first. It is recommended that you do two blood tests 4 weeks apart. 


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2510 Main St. NE #1 Los Lunas, NM Phone: (505) 865-0662

Veterinarian Clinic Website: www.loslunasvetco.com


The information provided on this website is written by Vetco staff. All information is meant to be informational and is not meant as veterinary advice. If you have a health question regarding your pet, their treatment or anything concerning their veterinary care, please call Vetco to consult with a veterinarian.